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Eventually, a patent-sharing agreement was signed and the wax-coated cardboard tubes were abandoned in favor of Edison's all-wax cylinders as an interchangeable standard format.These have professionally made recordings of songs, instrumental music or humorous monologues in their grooves.Slightly later, the record number was stamped on the lid, then later still a printed label with the title and artist information was factory-applied to the lid.Shortly after the start of the 20th century, an abbreviated version of this information was impressed into or printed on one edge of the cylinder itself.Later cylinders were reproduced either mechanically or by linking phonographs together with rubber tubes.Cylinders were sold in cardboard tubes with cardboard caps on each end, the upper one a removable lid.The standard cylinders are about 4 inches (10 cm) long, Over the years the type of wax used in cylinders was improved and hardened so that cylinders could be played with good quality over 100 times.In 1902 Edison Records launched a line of improved hard wax cylinders marketed as "Edison Gold Molded Records".
A standard system was decided upon by Edison Records, Columbia Phonograph, and other companies in the late 1880s.
A slip of paper stating the title and performer was placed inside the box with the cylinder.
At first this information was hand-written or typed on each slip, but printed versions became more common once cylinders were sold in large enough quantities to justify the printing set-up cost.
1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph.
On July 18, 1877, Thomas Edison and his team invented the phonograph.He settled on a thicker all-wax cylinder, the surface of which could be repeatedly shaved down for reuse.